Questions tagged [smart-contracts]

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12 views

How can I save the gas cost of operations when running contracts in sandbox pytest?

I am testing smart contracts in sandbox mode using python scripts. I want to be able to store how much an operation cost. So for example when I get the output of a contract origination after baking a ...
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2answers
43 views

Implementing Contract Metadata (tzip-16) on an already originated FA1.2 Smart Contract

Referring to the documents and examples of tzip-16, how would one implement the contract metadata on a Fa1.2 contract on SmartPy? In order to provide balance updates and offchain events.
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2answers
66 views

How do I get method arguments using Taquito?

When I have a object of type ContractAbstraction<ContractProvider>, I can get a key/value map of all the endpoints in the deployed contract like this: const contract: ContractAbstraction<...
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1answer
14 views

How un/reliable is the timestamp provided by NOW in Michelson?

To which extend can bakers manipulate the timestamp Michelson uses for NOW? I am not really sure how this value is provided to the smart contract and how reliable/unreliable it can be... Is it safe to ...
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1answer
17 views

What's the best way to convert from TMutez to TBytes?

Previously when I asked about converting types, I got this useful suggestion: For mutez, you could start to convert to int (by dividing by 1 mutez) and then use the same techniques. I'm wondering if ...
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1answer
23 views

In a SmartPy smart contract, is there 'continue' or 'break' for loop?

In a SmartPy smart contract, is there 'continue' or 'break' for loop? When I use 'continue' for loop, an error occurred. 'Error: invalid syntax'
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1answer
34 views

How to create a contract which would delegate XTZs and receive rewards?

I am trying to write a contract that receives rewards from the baker using a default entry point and should only allow me to change the baker from a different entry point. I am using the smartpy tool ...
1
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1answer
12 views

Do on-chain contract calls happen atomically?

I have a couple of questions about on-chain contract calls: Suppose two contracts call each other back and forth (let's say 5 times they transfer messages between them), but at on the last transfer, ...
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1answer
16 views

How to format storage for a contract call with parameters?

I am trying to construct the storage needed to do an on chain contract call but I'm having trouble passing in the parameters. What is making it tricky is that one of the parameters is of type ...
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1answer
19 views

How can I manually create an on chain contract call?

Using tezos sandbox mode, I am trying to test an on chain contract call in isolation of the main contract which calls it. If my contract was the Collatz template, it would like be trying to run the ...
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1answer
11 views

SmartPy: How to test an invalid transaction sent from a contract call

I am testing a contract in SmartPy that uses a contract call (similar to the Collatz example). Contract 'A' sends a transaction to contract 'B' with some data. Contract 'B' does some computation and ...
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0answers
20 views

Initialize a record storage with command line

I'm trying to initialize the storage of the record through the command line. I'm trying different variations of: "ligo compile-storage college.religo main 4 Adam 1600" For a record called ...
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2answers
39 views

How can I write On Chain Contract Calls in Tezos Sandbox?

I am trying to write a test case in Tezos Sandbox that uses an On Chain Contract Call. To start with, I am trying to implement the example from SmartPy "On Chain Contract Calls - Collatz" ...
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1answer
30 views

Terminology of Address Types

What is the terminologi for an address that starts with tz and for one that starts with KT1? The former is controlled by a secret key, and the latter is controlled by a piece of Michelson code that ...
4
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2answers
58 views

How to store a really long string on the Tezos blockchain

Let's say I wanted to store an entire article or a manifest on the Tezos blockchain. Something that is bigger than 100kB. How would I go about doing that?
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1answer
23 views

Tezos source code overview and orientation

I kindly ask if someone can summarize in plain english what are the main functionalities of Tezos and soon after describe for each functionality where are the folders and the files that implement it, ...
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1answer
49 views

Batching Transactions FA2

On the Tzip for FA2, I read that Every transfer operation MUST happen atomically and in order. If at least one transfer in the batch cannot be completed, the whole transaction MUST fail, all token ...
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0answers
26 views

Try to confirm fundamental mechanism about the shielded pool

Can we say, in a nutshell, the shielded pool is the integration of the FA1.2 token protocol and the PGP tech? Many thanks!
2
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0answers
18 views

In sandbox mode, can you bake a block with a specific timestamp?

I am testing a smart contract that enforces time delays on state transitions. I want to be able to run the bake command and have the latest block have a particular Unix timestamp (e.g. for 1 day ahead ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Overflow/ Underflow in Smart Contract

Is Tezos vulnerable to overflow/ underflow attacks on the smart contracts? If yes, how do you recommend to test whether a particular smart contract suffers from it.
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1answer
28 views

Can we have a Time clocked transaction in Tezos?

I want to make an escrow contract where the transaction can be done after an interval. Is it possible / any hack that can make it happen? The balance should get deducted from the sender beforehand and ...
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1answer
31 views

How do you do sp.record(sp.pack()) outside of SmartPy?

I have a smart contract which verifies a signature from Bob in order to do something. The contract was made using SmartPy and for testing the scenario I used the following code to produce a signature: ...
3
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1answer
80 views

Which operations can change Tezos address balances?

I am writing a program that would monitor changes in balance of a set of Tezos addresses. I did the same for UTXO based coins, and the logic was pretty simple. All of the changes were directly ...
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0answers
13 views

Can I stake tez into smartcontract and get reward (named for example testtoken) when a new block is baked? [duplicate]

Can I stake tez into smartcontract and get token reward (named for example testtoken) when a new block is baked? Can I create that smartcontract using tezos? I want to get tokens when a block has been ...
1
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1answer
20 views

What guarantees do we have when verifying the sender's identity (in SmartPy)?

When we check the address that called the current entry point e.g. in SmartPy: sp.verify(self.data.authorizedAddr == sp.sender) What guarantees do we have? For example, is it possible for someone ...
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1answer
24 views

Michelson: Parameter vs Storage

I'm struggling to process what the difference between parameter and storage is in Michelson. From what I've been reading, it just looks like two different types of inputs to a contract. So how should ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Why does smartpy use sp.for/sp.while instead of the default loops provided by python?

So I just started out with smartpy and I am kinda confused about the point of having separate expression for loops. My understanding is that it is may be because it's a part of on-chain computations, ...
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4answers
83 views

Is it possible to use natural logarithmic in your smartpy code?

If not,is there any alternative way to implement a natural log component into your smart contract code?
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1answer
22 views

Tezos.get_entrypoint_opt in Ligo issue

I am trying to replace get_contract with Tezos.get_entrypoint_opt I need to transfer FA1.2 tokens in Dex: https://github.com/madfish-solutions/quipuswap-core/blob/master/contracts/Dex.ligo#L21-L28 ...
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1answer
70 views

FA2 Permission Policies & Hook permission Behaviour

Is there an example of how to use permission policies and hook permission behaviour with regards to FA2 implementation? https://gitlab.com/tzip/tzip/-/blob/master/proposals/tzip-12/tzip-12.md I am ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Calling view of Fa1.2 contract

From my understanding, getBalance, getAllowance, getTotalSupply & getAdministrator entrypoint requires another contract to read the values. How will the entry point of the second contract look ...
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1answer
23 views

Error: ligo: generated. untyped BIG_MAP_EMPTY

In ligo for a smart-contract I have a big_map in my storage and I want to pass nothing in the map as intial_storage value. { name = "stablecoin"; symbol = "eur"; total_supply = ...
2
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4answers
75 views

Is there a formula to build parameter messages to be passed to smart contract entrypoints?

When calling a smart contract entrypoint, it is required to pass the needed entrypoint parameters. This is done through a message that must be sent in JSON/Pairs format. My doubt is: Is there a ...
1
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1answer
6 views

Error in dry : different keys in tuple and record

I am trying to dry-run one contract on online Ligo IDE, Access function : main Parameters : (10n, ("tz1KqTpEZ7Yob7QbPE4Hy4Wo8fHG8LhKxZSx" : address)) The logo code is compiling fine and I don't ...
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2answers
22 views

Contract error location

When you call a smart contract and it fails, it returns an error location. For example: {"kind":"temporary","id":"proto.006-PsCARTHA.michelson_v1.script_rejected","location":2624,"with":{"int":"3"}} ...
4
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1answer
40 views

Documentation for Serializing Contract Call Data/Parameters

Is there any documentation available for how to serialize contract call parameters? I found good documentation for serialization of general operations and took a look at the tzips but neither seems ...
3
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3answers
50 views

How to delegate the balance of a smart contract?

I am looking to create a smart contact that will delegate the funds it is storing. 1) How does an originated KT address delegate to a baker? 2) If a KT address delegates, can it do anything else? I ...
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2answers
45 views

What is Big map on Tezos?

I saw Big map on Tezos contract but I don't really understand what is it. Someone can explain to me ? Many thanks!
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1answer
23 views

Pascaligo map iteration issue

I try to fetch a list of addresses with expired date by appending the address to list(address). However when doing map iteration, it encounters a persistent error says 'not True'. Hope someone can ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Transaction with multiple inputs

I'm trying to integrate tezos with my exchange, but have a problem, tezos cant send with multiple input, because in exchange we used balance from different address to send transaction.
0
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1answer
28 views

ERROR: Public Key Cannot be Exposed

tezbridge.request({method: 'post_source'}) taquito.Tezos.setProvider({rpc: 'https://rpc.tzkt.io/mainnet', signer: new taquitoTezbridgeSigner.TezBridgeSigner()}) taquito.Tezos.contract.transfer({ to: ...
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1answer
31 views

My contract compiles, but when deploying I get an error

I'm using the Teztool in sandbox mode. My contract compiles, but when I deploy: teztool carthagenet sandbox client originate contract tezart transferring 0 from bootstrap1 running tezart.tz I get ...
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1answer
48 views

error: Public Cannot be exposed!

const address = 'tz1Qzi4iMowq8z4BEihyU1HvFFxAUXc9PbAF' tezbridge.request({method: 'post_source'}) taquito.Tezos.setProvider({rpc: 'https://rpc.tzkt.io/mainnet', signer: new ...
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1answer
27 views

Trouble with calling a function with parameters with Taquito

I'm trying to use taquito to call a method in my contract. Note my contract was programmed in SmartPy (if that makes any difference). I am able to call contract.storage() without any problem. When ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Calling contract invocation operation in loop

I have some set of data which I am trying to push to my smart contract in loop. I use conseiljs to send data to smart contract. Here is the code depicting what I am trying to do. async function ...
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0answers
40 views

I got this error from conseil js TezosNodeWriter.sendContractOriginationOperation. What could be the problem

Failed to parse the request body: No case matched: At /kind, unexpected string instead of endorsement At /kind, unexpected string instead of seed_nonce_revelation At /kind, unexpected string ...
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1answer
16 views

How to add add a record to a map in CameLIGO

I'm using CameLIGO and want to add a record to a map. I keep getting this error: Error: ligo: : Parse error in file "tmp-1lMUlWlg5fktI.ligo", line 21, characters 45-46, after "{" and before "}": ...
2
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1answer
46 views

How to transfer token to multisig contract

The contract code is [{"prim":"parameter","args":[{"prim":"pair","args":[{"prim":"pair","args":[{"prim":"nat","annots":["%counter"]},{"prim":"or","args":[{"prim":"pair","args":[{"prim":"mutez","...
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1answer
39 views

How do you update a map in Pascal Ligo?

I'm trying to learn how to write a smart contract and using Ligo. I'm struggling with quite a few things at the same time e.g. syntax, understand the documentation, best practices etc. Baby step is, ...
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0answers
19 views

Fi update a set with 'get'

Struggling with Ligo so took a look at Fi. I want to create a provenancy smart contract i.e. add an artwork, then transfer ownership. The Fi compiler says Error: Error with variable ext - for variable ...