I'm setting up a Linux Tezos baking node with Ledger Nano S. The node is running and synced, but list connected ledgers will not show that the Ledger is connected.

Both the wallet and baking apps are installed from Ledger Live. The firmware on the Nano S is the newest.

Linux shows the USB with lsusb, and dmesg shows all the details of the Ledger, but list connected ledgers finds no Nano S.

I have modified my udev rules to include the correct group for my user account.

But the Tezos client still doesn't detect the Ledger Nano S.

  • Are you running either the wallet or baker app on the ledger when you try to connect (asking because you don't specify this, only that you have both apps installed). Commented Mar 5, 2019 at 4:47
  • 2
    Perhaps you could share the contents of /etc/udev/rules.d/20-hw1.rules and the output of the id command so we can have a look. Commented Mar 5, 2019 at 15:35
  • Please show the output of ls -la /dev/bus/usb/*/* and also provide the username you try to connect with and the groups of this user.
    – Phlogi
    Commented Jan 23, 2020 at 20:23
  • Found a solution that worked for me. "Option 1" on this Ledger Support Page.
    – utdrmac
    Commented Feb 24, 2020 at 18:18
  • same problem only on root see ledger
    – be0ynd
    Commented Feb 2, 2021 at 18:42

4 Answers 4


On Debian, you need to add the user to the root group.

For the rich user, the command is:

sudo adduser rich root

Logout and back in for the change to take affect.


I had the same issue on Linux (debian 11). To solve the issue, I set the owner of my ledger to be my current user by adapting the udev rules.

Here is the adapted udev rules for the user tezos for the Nano S:

SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2c97", ATTRS{idProduct}=="0001|1000|1001|1002|1003|1004|1005|1006|1007|1008|1009|100a|100b|100c|100d|100e|100f|1010|1011|1012|1013|1014|1015|1016|1017|1018|1019|101a|101b|101c|101d|101e|101f", TAG+="uaccess", TAG+="udev-acl", OWNER="tezos"

As you notice I added the entry OWNER=tezos at the end of the rule. This user should be the same user using octez-client list connected ledger.

IMHO, this solution is better from a security point of view than adding the user to the root group


Running tezos-client list connected ledgers as root connects to the ledger in order to import private key. But, still cannot find it under user.

  • Same situation. list connected ledgers only works when running tezos-client as root. What's the fix to allow regular user to see ledger?
    – utdrmac
    Commented Feb 24, 2020 at 18:14

The solution for me was to add the user tezos to the group plugdev with:

sudo adduser tezos plugdev

Log out and log in again and run:

tezos-client list connected ledgers

Now your ledger should be displayed in the list.

Please note, that I also have installed Kiln and this might have modified some configuration that I am not aware of.

Tested on Ubuntu 23.04.

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