I can't find details on this, but from my experiments it seems like bigmaps rely on ipfs while maps are on-chain.

Is this understanding correct?

If not, where are bigmaps stored, and is it possible to use information from inside a bigmap inside a synchronous on-chain view call from another contract?

2 Answers 2


big_maps are stored lazily onchain. Regarding using information from inside a big_map inside an onchain view, you can do that, but you can't have the view return the whole big_map, only specific values.

  • thank you for the additional information, can you return all available types, or is there a subset of variable types that can be returned?
    – 0x10
    Commented Apr 5, 2022 at 6:16
  • 1
    You can see information about views here: tezos.gitlab.io/active/michelson.html#operations-on-views Basically, return type of a view can be anything accept ticket, operation, big_map and sapling_state. The same goes for their input type. Commented Apr 14, 2022 at 19:51

BigMaps are indeed stored on-chain. There is no IPFS integration in Tezos.

See this previously answered question about fetching bigmap data from the chain.

  • ah fantastic, thank you for clarifying. regarding ipfs though, isn't that how off-chain views are stored?
    – 0x10
    Commented Apr 4, 2022 at 6:24
  • @0x10 There is absolutely, 100%, no IPFS integration with anything Tezos. Not sure where you keep seeing this, but there is NO IPFS in Tezos at all. Nothing. None. 0. Zilch.
    – utdrmac
    Commented Apr 5, 2022 at 14:46
  • it's pretty easy to arrive at that conclusion if your tezos journey begins through chrome inspector and nfts, where most storage of tzip-16 and tzip-21 metadata is on ipfs, and the documentation doesn't say that it isn't integrated, so it's initially unclear because using taquito leads to dozens of ipfs connections :)
    – 0x10
    Commented Apr 7, 2022 at 5:37
  • NTFs are just an application which is implemented on the Tezos platform. There's no requirement for NFTs to use IPFS either, it's just a choice for the dapp developer. The integration you see is between IPFS and the application, not IPFS and Tezos.
    – utdrmac
    Commented Apr 7, 2022 at 13:20
  • thank you for clarifying
    – 0x10
    Commented Apr 9, 2022 at 3:15

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