For baking with the ledger, what should I set the high watermark? Should it be zero? I can't find any good explanation for what is watermark. Is it the current block level?

  • Why isn't the software smart enough to prevent double bake without this?
    – Charizard
    Commented Mar 4, 2021 at 1:52

3 Answers 3


High watermark is the lowest block number that your ledger is allowed to sign bake or endorse operations. That means if the watermark is set to 100000, the ledger is disallowed to sign any block number 100000 or below. This is a mechanism to prevent double baking.

The ledger-app documentation states:

When updating the version of Tezos Baking you are using or if you are switching baking to a new ledger device, we recommend setting the HWM (high watermark) to the current head block level of the blockchain.

This will prevent you from double signing a previously bake or endorse operation which will lead to getting penalized. I recommend reading more details in the tezos ledger app documentation.

  • 1
    You wrote "cycle" but I think you meant "block".
    – Babell
    Commented Nov 28, 2019 at 12:46

I am not an expert, but high water mark is useful in order to minimize any risk of double baking/endorsing.


Talking to some people at the meetup tonight. You should set the watermark to the nearest block, then input that with your ledger so it isn't trying to confirm previous blocks. I'll update this question if the new firmware on the nano s had something to do with this problem.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.